From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Kammas were also politically active, associating themselves with the Indian National Congress almost from its inception, and agitated for farmers’ interests. Prior to the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh, creating the new state of Telangana, the Kammas and the Reddys were politically and economically dominant in the state. In Vijayawada, Kammas form a class of bourgeois neo-rich who acquired their wealth in a short time by doing all kinds of businesses, including illegal activities. Some belong to old aristocratic families who settled in Tamil Nadu a few centuries ago as army commanders or big landlords.
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The Green Revolution accelerated the process of economic diversification in the rural areas of Coastal Andhra.
By successfully doing so, a pliant, expendable, and cheap labour pool was created in our country. In Berger, Peter; Heidemann, Frank eds. Chowdary tries to prove the martial origin of his caste based on matrimonial alliances between Kammas and members of the Kakatiya dynasty. The Historical Context of Andhra and Telangana, According to some Kamma informants, they felt encouraged to migrate to the capital-city after the Telugu Desam Party came to power in The Telangana region at that time was under the control of Muslim rulers chowdaryy collected taxes through members of the dominant castes that were given the title of chowdharis.
When they migrated to rural areas, it was mostly to new irrigation projects, because they knew they could buy cheap lands in Telangana or in the neighbouring State of Karnataka, and then improve their plots once irrigation was available and thus benefit from land appreciation.
They also have chowdqry notable presence in the neighbouring states in India such as Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. The Congress won the State elections chowdarj remained in power for almost three decades, mostly in the hands of the Reddis, even though some Kamma Congressmen were also chowdqry in the State Legislative Assembly, where the dominant castes continue to be overrepresented till today.
I have conducted fieldwork in all these places, to compare the nature and level of Kamma dominance depending on the territory they live in and how much control they have over it. The aim of my research was to re-define the concept of dominant caste, which was first studied in s by M.
During the Golkonda period, the Sayapaneni Nayaks — ruled Dupadu region as vassals of the Golkonda sultans. The Andhra Communist Party was supported mostly by the Kamma peasantry, who saw in this new party a vehicle for political power, since the Congress Party in Andhra was controlled by the Reddis.
Blood groups among Brahmin and Kamma caste populations of Coastal Andhra Pradesh.
There are two major communities spread over the linguistic area. Both Kammas and Reddis are landowning communities. Even the middle peasantry that was paying taxes directly under the ryotwari system became richer thanks to irrigation and the introduction of cash crops like sugarcane, tobacco and cotton.
TDP Chief Minister Naidu became the darling of the corporate media and of the World Bank which granted him a loan for the development of his. Journal of the Andhra Historical Society. Most Kammas were small farmers, castee some of them worked as soldiers for the Kakatiya kings of Warangal. These territorial recompositions encouraged the migration of Kammas from Andhra to Telangana, especially chowfary Hyderabad. This controversy over the book shows that the regionalist sentiment which led to the creation of a separate Telangana is not only about economic domination by Andhras, but also about cultural domination.
The big landlords may have lost some of their property, but the middle peasantry was not really affected because they could manage to divide their lands among family members. Though the socio-economic status of Kammas in Hyderabad is far higher in terms of incomes and assets, the Kamma rural elites enjoy a stronger dominance over the backward and dalit castes. Log In Sign Up. The demand cadte a Telugu State, separated from the Tamil province, was an old demand by the Telugu-speaking dominant castes.
Retrieved 30 March The community of Kammas is that of agricultural families originating from the Kammanadu region of the Guntur and Prakasam districts in Andhra Pradesh.
In spite of this class differenciation, the Kammas made conscious efforts to remain united by using caste as a social capital. It is chowday that Tollywood is dominated by heroes, producers and directors belonging to the same community.
No matter how hard they work they can barely see the light.
Princeton talk on Kamma caste | Dalel Benbabaali –
It is chowdxry that scientists, like NG Ranga and Yelavarthi Naiduamma, both mentioned in the anthem, belong to the same community. My methodology was mostly qualitative, based on interviews and ethnographic studies, but I have also used a questionnaire to do a survey among a sample of Kamma households, one hundred in a village of the Krishna delta, called Godavarru, and another hundred in a suburb of Hyderabad, known as Kukatpally, so that I could make a quantitative analysis and compare the socio-economic profile of Kammas both in rural and urban areas.
Kamma cultural domination has also been contested by the supporters of a separate Telangana State. They also dominate the Telugu media and cinema, which gives them sociocultural preeminence.