But to get back to our opening question: He also agrees with the now commonly accepted theory, first put forth by the American Bible scholar Samuel Ives Curtiss, Jr. This page was last edited on 7 April , at Antiochus, who had been off fighting against a rebellion in Syria when this whole Jerusalem thing went down, attempted to re-take the city from the Maccabees, but Judah once again drove him off with a flurry of eye-poking spear wounds to the faces of all his friends and pets. Religions of the Ancient World:
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Please try again maccabse. Some Jews, mainly those of the urban upper class, notably the Tobiad family, wished to dispense with Jewish law and to adopt a Greek lifestyle.
Thank you for your feedback. The most polished writing and sharpest analysis in the Jewish world. Judah took possession of Apollonius’s sword and used it until his death as a symbol of vengeance. The terms of peace were based on the restoration of religious freedom, the permission for the Jews to live in accordance with their own laws, and the official return of the Temple to the Jews.
It was thus Demetrius to whom the delegation led by Alcimus, complained of the persecution of the Hellenist party in Judea. At mxccabee conclusion of the fighting in Transjordan, Judah turned against the Edomites in the south, captured and destroyed Hebron, and, after marching against the coastal land of the Philistines, returned to Judea with much booty. After Nahal el-Haramiah, recruits flocked to the Jewish cause. Judah and his jubilant warriors tore down the statues of Zeus and Antiochus, removed all the gross pig parts from the Temple, and rededicated it in a triumphant ceremony which is now famous because they only had one day of oil but their lamp burned for eight days in a miracle believed to be a symbol of the triumphant Jewish spirit.
When Alcimus executed sixty priests who were opposed to him, he found himself in open conflict with the Maccabees. The annual “Day of Nicanor” was instituted to maccabed this brilliant victory.
Its commander Lysias, preoccupied with internal Seleucid affairs, agreed to a political compromise that restored maccabe freedom. He then made a surprise attack upon the Syrian camp near Emmaus while Gorgias was searching for him in the mountains. Farmer, Maccabees, Zealots and Josephusindex; V. In the Battle of ElasaJudah and those who remained faithful to him were killed.
But the descendents of his older brother Simon became the Hasmonean dynasty of Judean rulers. At the battle kudah Nahal el-Haramiah wadi haramiahe defeated a small Seleucid force under the command of Apollonius, governor of Samariajudsh was killed. The defenders found themselves in a precarious situation because their provisions were exhausted, it being a sabbatical year during which the fields were left uncultivated.
The fitting end to this story is that after becoming the Savior of his Maccwbee, Judah Maccabee goes down in a fiery badass blaze of glory, dying in single combat with an elephant packed full of sharpshooting archers and guys with foot-long spears.
Judaism and the Gentile Faiths: This again changed the internal situation in Judea in favor of the nationalist party.
As warrior hero and national liberator, Judah Maccabee has inspired many writers, and several artists and composers.
Judah the Maccabee, Judah the Mace-Man » Mosaic
Naming men according to physical characteristics was common in the ancient world. This guy totally deserved it, dudes. Design by Backroom Productions, Inc. Westerners have traditionally referred to the third son of Mattathias of Modein by the Latinate form of his name: Help us improve this article! He figures in a tenth-century illustrated manuscript Libri Maccabaeorum.
The outcome was inevitable: Internet URLs are the best. Tcherikover, Hellenistic Civilization and the Jewsindex; E. His body was taken by his brothers from the battlefield and buried in the family sepulchre at Modiin. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Judah’s victory over Gorgias and Nicanor, his conquest of Maccaee, the death of Antiochus Epiphanes, the purification of the temple, the rise to madcabee of Antiochus Eupator, and the wars with the neighboring peoples. Judea at that time had been affected by the Hellenization initiated by Alexander the Great.