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khudai khidmatgar

After being jailed for three years for his attempts at reform, Ghaffar Kahn founded the Pashtun Jirga Pashtun Council in , which emphasized education, social, and political matters. His Place in History. British imperial government Nonviolent responses of opponent: In one area, districts were established and made under British control. The movement lingered on till , when it was again banned by the central government because of Ghaffar Khan’s opposition to the One Unit. Seeking allies, leaders approached the Muslim League and Indian National Congress ; after being rebuffed by the former in , the movement formally joined the Congress Party. People were also taught information about prisons, which they might face for their protests, and also the importance of nonviolence.

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During the demonstration, British soldiers began shooting at the protestors, who maintained their nonviolent discipline even as they were fired upon. Khudai Khidmatgars has volunteers in 14 states and, according to Faisal they number about 10, It is not a new creed.

The main goal of the Khudai Khidmatgar was to win Indian independence and reform the social, political, and economic life of the Pashtuns via nonviolence. There were some instances of campaigner violence, however any act of violence resulted in the campaigner being removed from the nonviolent movement by Khan including his own son.

Whether a case deserves a tag has to do with whether the practice is innovative in terms of time and place. Another attempt was made by senior KK leaders to approach Sir Fazli Hussain a senior Punjabi leader of the Unionist party pleading for assistance against the crackdown which was dismissed. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. This sort of innovation often comes up when the usual forms of communication or organization are impossible to use or would be tactically insufficient.


After an instance of violence, Ghaffar Khan fasted for three days to punish the perpetrators.

The History of Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and the Khudai Khidmatgar | Muslim Peace Fellowship

Views Read Edit View history. Insoldiers of the Garhwal Rifles refused to fire on non-violent protests led by Khudai Khidmatgars in Peshawar. The movement was also hit by defections as party members switched sides out of fear or for benefit.

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, the leader of the Khudai Khidmatgar Servants of Godstarted his resistance against the British by opening up schools throughout the districts of Mardan and Peshawar, educating villagers on the reforms he planned for India.

In after negotiations between Gandhi and the British government resulted in Britain conceding other immediate Indian demands in India, the Indian National Congress ended the khismatgar, which was nicknamed “the Salt Satyagraha.

The khidmagtar areas did not pay taxes, and the extensive Khidmatgr police force resulted in khhudai taxes paid by the settled districts. The movement’s claim to total non-violence seems flawed as well; some critics argue that while the movement proved a success against the British, it like other non-violent movements would not have proved a success against another Imperial power.

Performances of plays and music Lodi dynasty Suri dynasty Hotak dynasty Durrani dynasty Barakzai dynasty more.

A study of the Khudai Khidmatgar movement, 1930-47, North-West Frontier Province, British India.

Dual sovereignty and parallel government. Volunteers went to the villages and opened schools, helped on work projects, and maintained order at public gatherings.

Congress activists were arrested and a curfew was imposed on all movement for 24 hours. At a demonstration in AprilBritish troops opened fire for 3 hours on unarmed protestors, killing approximately people and wounding many others. Inthe government brought the Frontier Province to the same level of administration as other parts of India, and urban and rural elections followed shortly thereafter. The party also faced attempts by the British Raj to discredit it by portraying it as an irreligious group trying to promote a pro Hindu and pro communist agenda.


Inthe Afridis, a large Pashtun war tribe, violently invaded Pashtun in response to the carnage wreaked by the government.

After an instance of violence, Ghaffar Khan fasted for three days to punish the perpetrators. Nehru’s fateful visit to the Frontier in October and its tragic aftermath in a gradual erosion of the popular base of the incumbent Khan Sahib Ministry. Peshawar Congress Committee Involvement of social elites: September Learn khydai and when to remove this template message. Villages were grouped into larger groups, responsible to district-wide committees.

Although forms of civil disobedience continued afterthey were drastically reduced due to the repressive violence. Following the speech he was arrested. Bios Groups Khicmatgar Movements. The police and government were given unlimited authority, which resulted in more violence against protestors. A couple of men had their shirts dyed at the local tannery, and the brick-red colour proved a breakthrough, it was this distinctive colour that earned the Khudai khidmatgar movement activists the name ” the Red shirts ” or surkh posh.