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puli thevar

After all, it was he who took Polygars to the brink of a decisive success. Soon much of Polygar country was in full revolt and many Polygars confederated into a single force led by Puli Thevar. Thevar, equally surprised by his success, planned a large scale offensive on the enemy-Arcot-British troops. Devan was also well versed in Tamil poetry, he was also inducted into a warrior training course, at the age of twelve he excelled in horse riding, elephant taming,wrestling, sword fighting,silambam,archery,javlin, sling throw,bomarang,and many other martial arts. Puli Thevar was at this time not at Vasudevanellur, he was at his headquarters of Nelkattumseval.

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Puli Thevar had already led the confederate army which he pulk assembled at Nelkattumseval towards Madura. As they waited, a force of Maravas launched a surprise raid on the Travacore camp and killed several troops.

This gave the British opportunity to interfere in his domestic affairs.

Puli Thevar

Now several Polygars argued that the confederate army must march south and seize Tirunelveli and then move north towards Madura. He had a shrewd insight into the political situation of the time and was a veritable thorn against the side of the Nawab’s agents. But even so his attempt to reduce Polygars went only slowly as Polygars retreated into their strong impregnable forts.

For the time being his grand plan to crush this turbulent Polygar was shelved. They camped near Tirunelveli but did not attempt to capture the town. Thevvar, he loosed his Maravas once more to loot and devastate enemy held territories once more. If the Raja had allied with Thevar, the British conquest of South India might have been delayed by years and even decades.


The armies met at Gangai Kondanorth of Tirunelveli. The rise of the western Poligars of south Tamil Nadu is the first war of Indian Independence and not the sepoy uprising, as written by Savarkar. Your email address will not be published. Nelkatumseval was the headquarters of Puli Thevar, the first chieftain in India to resist the British.

Continuing his march forward Heron managed to used his skills of deceit to fight the Polingars into submission. To mention King James Henry’s son King Charles-I who was executed by Oliver Cromwell in and during a crisis the great grand children of King Charles-I who were exiled were given refuge by his grandfather ChitraPutra and during the First Carnatic War the women and children were moved into Devans refuge for safety in his own Palayam and Devan treated them with utmost dignity,respect and were also given an allowance from his own earnings and when the British invaded to uproot them even unto a foreign land, Puli Thevar fought tooth and nail to protect those who were under his care instead of handing over them to their seekers.

Yusuf Khan quickly intimidated the eastern poligars and moved against Pooli Thevan.

Puli Thevar :The Ultimate Rebel Warrior | Hindu History

Mahfuz Khan himself was an unscrupulous character and soon thought that his future depended on the good will of Thevar, so he came to Nelkettumseval with his troops by end of He was involved in a vendetta with the Nawab of Arcot who was supported by the British. Once Heron retreated, Thevar let loose his Maravas to seize the whole countryside.

Their zone of struggle was largely in and near the kingdom of Arcot. Isvara Thevar and his men retreated to Nelkettumseval, but this victory had exhausted his ammunition and he was delayed in his next move. The Polygars refused to pay taxes and pay homage to Nawab. Second Struggle with Yusuf Hhevar. This great success elated Thevar and his confederates and they attacked and captured the Uttumalai fort held by a pro-English Polygar and prepared to capture Palamkotta and Tirunelveli.


Puli Thevar is one of the earliest opponents of the British pli in South India.

File:Puli Thevar.jpg

Thevar’s prominent exploits were his confrontations with Puuliwho later rebelled against the British in the late s and early s. In order to tempt Mahfuz Khan to join his side, Thevar also tempted him with promise of hig office in Mysore.

Siege of Vasdevanellur, — Yusuf Khan exploited this by opening talks with the Raja of Travancore. After this Kattabomman retreated but Yusuf Khan came to the scene.

File:Puli – Wikimedia Commons

The original plan thevarr to march from Nelkattumseval to Madura via Srivilliputtur. In order to end this siege Mahfuz Khan sent an entire division of cavalry.

After this catastrophe, Puli Thevar noticed a drop of morale among his fellow Poligars. As they had no artillery to breach the walls, they thevra to climb the walls but failed, so he and his men left Srivilliputtur.

From then on, an epic struggle of Polygars to resist British sponsored Muslim encroachment would last up to